Lisa from Botanica-cbd answers the question, “What is the Difference Between CBD Oil and Hemp Oil?”
VIDEO TRANSCRIPT WITH ADDED CONTENT: [Content in brackets is further explanation of video content]
The first thing you should know is the way the United States government regulates cannabis.
According to the federal government:
-Any cannabis plant that has more than .3% THC is regulated as marijuana.
-Any cannabis plant that has less than .3% THC is regulated as hemp.
This is medicinal grade hemp [this should have said food grade hemp]. It’s not the same kind of hemp they use to make paper and rope and things like that. [called industrial hemp and not organic or food grade]
The second thing you need to know is that there is 3 different types of extraction.
The first is called a full spectrum extraction. Full spectrum extractions are a whole plant extraction so when they do a full spectrum extraction they are trying to extract everything that is in the plant. So, you get cbd but you also get cbg, cbn, a tiny bit of thc, a lot of minor cannabinoids and terpenes [the things that make plants smell like limonine – think lemons, pinene – think pine trees] and phytonutrients. [See below in notes for more information about full spectrum hemp oil and the benefits of the entourage effect]
Then there is broad spectrum products. A broad spectrum product is basically a full spectrum product that has 0 thc. They get it to that stage but just taking it an extra step in the lab and removing that trace amount of THC. These products are really good for anybody who might get drug tested for work – so like truck drivers, CTA drivers, emergency responders, things like that.
The third type [of extraction] is called isolate. That is when they’re only taking the cbd and nothing else out of the plant. So a lot of companies when cbd first became legal called their products cbd oil but really most of it is not just cbd oil [which would imply it is an isolate product] because it has all these other things in it. When you see a product called cbd oil, generally that [should] mean that it is an isolate. [We don’t carry many isolate products because they do not tend to be as effective as full spectrum or broad spectrum products, but we do have a few. Less serious products such as drinks and confections tend to contain cbd isolate. Isolate products tend to be less expensive than full spectrum products.] If you see a product called hemp oil [or full spectrum hemp oil], generally that means it’s a full spectrum hemp extraction.
[Note: Hemp Seed Oil is a food product found in the grocery store much like canola oil (but healthier) and has no cbd, terpenes or other phytonutrients, but it does have good Omega 3 & 6 fatty acids.]
Why do people say cbd oil when they really mean full spectrum hemp extract?
Believe it or not it comes down to marketing, search engine optimization and capturing google search traffic. Because people who don’t know the difference search for “cbd oil” instead of “full spectrum hemp oil” the companies have started to use the term cbd oil incorrectly as well.
More about Full Spectrum Hemp Oil and the Entourage Effect
If you can have a little thc in your system (less than .3% by weight and not enough to make you high) without losing your job or scholarship, Full-Spectrum Hemp oil is what you want. It contains the entire spectrum of molecules present in the hemp plant, leaving out only inert plant matter like cellulose. This extract includes a wide variety of plant compounds, often called “phytochemicals,” such as flavonoids1, terpenes, vitamins, omega fatty acids, and the full naturally-occuring cannabinoid profile, all which have their own beneficial effects. CBD is only one of the many cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. Others found in full spectrum hemp oil which have been found to have therapeutic effects include CBN, CBG, CBC, CBDV, THC (less than .3%) and many others.
Full-spectrum hemp oil aligns with the idea that whole plants support whole people. The use of the entire plant allows the myriad of essential components to work in conjunction with one another in a more natural and impactful way. This idea is referred to as the “entourage effect.”
The entourage effect posits that utilizing whole, natural plants – or full-spectrum CBD oil – allows for the natural synergy to improve how these ingredients interact with our bodies. Much in the same way that people in a community can work together to produce a result far beyond each of their individual capabilities, full-spectrum CBD oil allows all of the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids in hemp to work as a team to impact the endocannabinoid system. Essentially, the whole plant is potentially greater than the sum of its parts.
For more detail about the components in Full Spectrum Hemp Oil, See this link:
For more about the differences in different types of cbd tinctures? Click on this link: